Unfortunately, as long as man inhabits the earth there will be conflict. Most conflicts stem from the battles over resources, religion and territory. There are others and sub categories but if you examine these three, you will have more than enough material to work with. For example, Assad of Syria, is fighting for his political life and his reign over the resources of his country. The Israeli/Arab conflict is both religious and territorial. Conflicts throughout the African continent have always been about resources and territory. India and Pakistan are in constant conflict centering around Peshawar, the very name of which includes the word war. One of the great advantages we have enjoyed in this country is we own the territory from Ocean to Ocean. The borders to the north and south, well, they’re entitled to that. There’s enough land in between, so we’re ok. While the root causes of conflict are apparent, the solutions to these conflicts are far more complicated. Leaders have to be willing to sit down and compromise, listening to the other side’s concerns. The UN is supposed to play a large role in these conflicts by acting as an intermediary. The establishment of the territorial borders of Israel and Palestine is an example of that. But of course, it didn’t last as war broke out over the borders and in that case the very existence of an Israeli state. Israel claimed historical/biblical rights to the land, Palestinians claimed it was their’s and taken from them. The truth is, there will never be world peace because there will never be consensus over all pressing issues. The UN itself is a body of conflict. In our similarities there are great differences, some insurmountable, so the most we can hope for is some level of civility. Where that is impossible, you must have balance. The old word that comes to mind is MAD, (Mutually Assured Destruction). It’s a great deterrent because if everyone is dead then the resources, religion and territory have no meaning. It seems to be effective in the case of India and Pakistan. And it seemed to work during the cold war. The most one can hope for, are small successes. If the Arab Springs in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya bear fruit, then perhaps there is hope. Only time will tell but history is certainly not on the side of optimism.